Prime minister Narendra Modi called bankers and billionaires to a meeting on Tuesday (8) to brainstorm on how India can manage global economic turbulence, including opportunities for Asia’s third-largest economy in China’s market and growth woes.
The morning meeting in New Delhi was attended by tycoons including India’s richest man, Mukesh Ambani, finance minister Arun Jaitley, central bank governor Raghuram Rajan, economists and state and private bank chiefs.
At the gathering, industry chamber ASSOCHAM told Modi policy makers needed to act fast to “bullet proof” India from global jitters – calling for a deep cut in interest rates and new duties to stop dumping of Chinese products such as steel.
India’s macroeconomic situation has improved considerably since the “taper tantrum” of 2013, not least thanks to lower prices for the commodities it imports. Then, inflation, for example, was at double digits – it has since halved.
The International Monetary Fund considers India’s economy a rare bright spot among emerging markets and Modi sees a chance to attract more foreign investment as money flows out of China.
But it will not be easy to turn China’s pain into India’s gain. Investors and corporates increasingly worry that Modi has not moved fast enough since taking office. Annual growth slowed to seven per cent in the June quarter.
“Mr Modi ran a successful state. He campaigned for two years saying he knew what to do. He has been there 15 months ... yet little has happened,” US investor Jim Rogers said on Tuesday.
Rogers recently announced he had sold his India investments.
After farmer protests forced the government to drop a major land reform and opposition parties delayed a growth-boosting tax overhaul, expectations are growing that Modi will soon unveil new measures to make it easier for foreign money to enter India.
The government predicts India’s economy will grow at eight per cent or more in 2015/16, prodded by government spending. Yet private investment has been slow to pick up, with banks and businesses hobbled by bad debts and high lending rates.
In the real economy, there are few signs of an major economic recovery. In the construction and diamond polishing industries, for example, there have been large layoffs.
ASSOCHAM called on central bank chief Rajan to slash interest rates by up to 1.25 percentage points by March to help revive investment and growth.