The Muslim community has in India registered a moderate 0.8 per cent growth to touch 170 million in the 10-year period between 2001 and 2011, up from 138 million, while the Hindu population declined by 0.7 per cent to 966 million during the same period, according to the latest census data on religion.
While the census figure on religion was released on August 25, more than four years after compilation of the data, the caste data is yet to be made public. The data on socio-economic status of the population was released on July 3.
As per the figures from the census data of 2011, released by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, the total population in the country in 2011 was 1.21 billion.
The Hindu population was 966 million (79.8 per cent); Muslims numbered 172 million (14.2 per cent); Christians were 27 million (2.3 per cent); Sikhs 20 million (1.7 per cent); Buddhists about 845,000 (0.7 per cent); Jains about 451,000 (0.4 per cent), other religions and persuasions (ORP) about 790,000 (0.6 per cent) and religion not stated, about 290,000 (0.2 per cent).
The data also showed that the Sikh and Buddhist populations had declined by 0.2 per cent and 0.1 per cent, respectively, during the decade and there had been no significant change in the proportion of Christians and Jains.
As per the 2001 census, India’s total population was 1.02 billion of which Hindus comprised 827 million (80.45 per cent) and Muslims were 138 million (13.4 per cent).
The growth rate of the population in the decade 2001-2011 was 17.7 per cent. The growth rate of the different religious communities in the same period was – Hindus 16.8 per cent; Muslims 24.6 per cent; Christians 15.5 per cent; Sikhs 8.4 per cent; Buddhists 6.1 per cent and Jains 5.4 per cent.
According to the census figures, Sikhs have the worst sex ratio (47.4 per cent females to 52.55 per cent males) while the Christians have the best with women (50.5 per cent) outnumbering men (49.4 per cent) in the community, latest Census figures show.
The sex ratio among Hindus is 48.4 per cent women and 51.5 per cent men, with similar values for Muslims (48.7 per cent women and 51.2 per cent men).
Among Buddhists, males are 50.8 per cent of the populartion to 49.11 per cent females while Jains have 51.1 per cent men and 48.8 per cent women.
The male to female ratio among Sikhs has seen little change since 2001, with census figures showing that females were 47.1 per cent of the community as compared to 52.8 per cent males.