INDIANS are excelling in top professions and are more likely to be employed in elite and managerial roles than the white British population, new “cutting edge” research has revealed.
An in-depth analysis of the 2011 census data shows the British Indian community is “leading the way as a success story of integration and economic advancement”.
With 15.4 per cent of Indians in class one jobs (doctors, lawyers, and civil servants), not only are they outperforming most other minorities, but also those classified as white British, according to the study.
The comparable figure for the white British population is 9.8 per cent. Indians are followed by Chinese people with 12.8 per cent of the community having jobs which are categorised as class one.
British Indians are also overrepresented in the medical profession, accounting for 12 per cent of all doctors in the UK, while making up only 2.3 per cent of the population The figures were released by cross-party think tank Demos on Wednesday (20), with the launch of the Demos Integration Hub (DIH), which pulled together data from a range of public sources.
However, the picture for the Indian community contrasts significantly with the British Pakistanis and Bangladeshis who are lagging behind other minority groups and the white British population.
Both communities are over-represented in low-skilled and low-paying jobs, with 25 per cent of Pakistani men working as taxi drivers, while around 50 per cent of Bangladeshi men work in restaurants.
Only 6.6 per cent of Pakistanis and 4.2 per cent of Bangladeshis are in class one professions. Black Africans and black Caribbeans fare relatively better, with 7.5 per cent and 6.2 per cent respectively.
David Goodhart, who had a leading role in the project, said: “Upward mobility for minorities is harder if they are not connected to mainstream networks.
More generally, collective action and the pooling of resources is easier when people share elements of a common culture, ascribe to some common norms and have a degree of mutual trust and familiarity across ethnic boundaries.
“Achieving that in what is likely to be an era of continuing high immigration is one of the most important policy challenges for the next generation.”
In other top careers, more than a fifth of solicitors are non-white, although only 10.9 per cent of barristers and 5.3 per cent of QCs are from minorities.
A third of those in the City are from ethnic minorities, with Indians accounting for 12.3 per cent and people of Chinese origin 3.9 per cent. However, just 6.4 per cent of the top 20 jobs in FTSE 100 companies are held by non-whites.
Similarly, while 9.6 per cent of civil service posts are held by staff from an ethnic minority, they hold only five per cent of senior positions.
Richard Norrie, a researcher and analyst on the Integration Hub, told Eastern Eye: “Indians and Chinese students have high levels of educational attainment and they also put in the most effort in school.
“Pakistanis and Bangladeshis tend to be more residentially segregated, but Indians tend to be quite segregated too, just not as much. It’s a question of communities being cut off – they are already quite impoverished and the lack of access and different sources of information might be contributing [to low attainment].
“Economic outcomes would be affected by residential segregation rather than educational ones in terms of getting higher wages and access to top jobs. On arrival, migrants tend to have a social mobility drop but then they catch up across generations. It seems that if you are coming into a more successful community, you are more likely to have success.
“When it comes to GCSE results, Bangladeshi kids have overtaken white British in tems of getting five good GCSEs. The Pakistanis still lag behind the white British but they have caught up to some extent so they are making the right moves.”
The DIH is chaired by Trevor Phillips, the former chairman of the Equality and Human Rights Commission. It is funded by the Home Office as well as other backers.
New regional maps reveal the changing face of Britain’s diverse communities, with a mixed bag of integration and upward mobility statistics.
Phillips said: “Segregation almost always leads to disadvantage for one group or another, usually the minority, and always leads to frictions between ethnic groups. Publishing this kind of data will puncture the delusion that if we simply leave it alone, don’t talk about it and let people get on with it, we will all come to love each other and Britain will become a big melting pot.
“Actually, what the data shows is that if you neglect integration, we end up with divided communities.”