The newly elected Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena
MAITHRIPALA Sirisena will be sworn in as Sri Lanka’s new president on Friday (January 9) after the strongman incumbent conceded defeat in a bitterly fought election, brought down by charges of corruption and growing authoritarianism.
A top aide to Mahinda Rajapakse said the outgoing president accepted the decision of voters who turned out in force on Thursday (January 8), in a remarkable turnaround for a leader who had appeared certain of victory when he called snap polls in November.
“The president concedes defeat and will ensure a smooth transition of power, bowing to the wishes of the people,” presidential press secretary Vijayananda Herath told reporters, adding he had already vacated his main official residence in a symbolic gesture of defeat.
Sirisena thanked Rajapakse as he formally accepted his victory at the election commissioner’s office, saying he had “cleared the way for a fair election that allowed me to be the president”.
Commissioner Mahinda Deshapriya declared Sirisena elected with a 51.28-per cent share of the vote to Rajapakse’s 47.58 per cent.
US Secretary of State John Kerry welcomed Rajapakse’s early concession and said he looked forward to working with the new leader.
The former health minister, who united a fractured opposition to pull off an unlikely victory, is due to be sworn in on Colombo’s Independence Square at 6pm (1230 GMT).
Ranil Wickremesinghe, who is set to be Sirisena’s prime minister, said all indications pointed to a smooth handover of power.
“People want a new political culture. I don’t want anyone taking the law into their own hands,” said the opposition United National Party (UNP) leader, adding Rajapakse and Sirisena had spoken by phone.
A lawmaker with Rajapakse’s Sri Lanka Freedom Party said the outgoing president had a “very emotional” meeting with ministers as he bowed out on Friday.
“We were very sad. Most of the ministers and others were in tears,” said Thilanga Sumathipala.
Sirisena has promised sweeping reforms of the presidency and said he will transfer many of its executive powers to parliament.
He was elected on a tide of resentment against Rajapakse, who rewrote the constitution after his re-election in 2010 to remove the two-term limit on the presidency and give himself more powers over public servants and judges.
During the campaign, Sirisena said that he had warned Rajapakse to change his ways or risk new unrest in the country.
“He was leading the country down a dangerous road to destruction,” he had said, promising a “constitutional revolution” if elected.
Rajapakse enjoyed huge support among majority Sinhalese voters after overseeing the end of a separatist war by ethnic Tamil rebels in 2009.
But critics say he failed to bring about reconciliation in the years that followed his crushing victory over the Tamil Tiger guerrillas.
He is also accused of undermining the independence of the judiciary and has packed the government with relatives, sparking resentment even within his own party.
Rajapakse fell out with the West over allegations his troops killed 40,000 Tamil civilians at the end of the civil war, and refused to cooperate with a UN-mandated investigation, becoming increasingly close to China.
The opposition has promised to address international concerns over war crimes and normalise relations with Western nations as well as regional superpower India.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said he had spoken to Sirisena to congratulate him.
Firecrackers could be heard going off in Colombo as residents celebrated after Rajapakse’s concession of defeat.
Sirisena’s decision to run triggered a slew of defections and became a rallying point for disaffection with Rajapakse and his powerful family.
His vision for the country ties in closely with the free-market, investor-friendly policies of the centre-right UNP which provided him with the political base to contest the election.
But analysts say he faces a challenge to unite the rainbow coalition of parties from right-wingers to Marxists that helped him secure victory.
The vote passed off largely peacefully, although there were some reports of intimidation in Tamil areas.
The president had come under international pressure, with Washington urging him to ensure peaceful and credible polls.
The election came days before a visit to the island by Pope Francis which some Catholic leaders had said should be cancelled in the event of violence.
Election monitors said large numbers of people had voted in the Tamil-dominated former war zones of the north and east, which are heavily militarised.
Tamils are Sri Lanka’s largest minority, accounting for 13 per cent of the population and, voting largely as a bloc on Thursday, engineered the downfall of Rajapakse by supporting his rival.
Sri Lanka’s stock market climbed to its highest in nearly four years.
“We expect a life without fear,” said Fathima Farhana, a 27-year-old Muslim woman in Colombo.
“I voted for him because he said he will create equal opportunities for all,” she said of Sirisena, a soft-spoken 63-year-old from the rice-growing hinterlands of the Indian Ocean island state.
Like Rajapaksa, Sirisena is from the majority Sinhala Buddhist community but he has reached out to ethnic minority Tamils and Muslims and has the support of several small parties.
Sri Lanka is just off India’s southern coast and has historically had mixed ties with its much larger neighbour. Rajapaksa had cold-shouldered New Delhi in recent years but Sirisena told an Indian newspaper this week that “we will revert to the old, non-aligned policy”.
“India is our first, main concern. But we are not against Chinese investment either. We will maintain good relations with China too,” he told the Hindustan Times.
Sirisena has pledged to abolish the executive presidency that gave Rajapaksa unprecedented power and hold a fresh parliamentary election within 100 days.
He has also promised a crackdown on corruption, which would include investigations into big infrastructure projects such as a $1.5bn (£990m) deal with China Communications Construction Co Ltd to build a port city.
It is not clear if the port, to be built on land reclaimed from the sea in Colombo, will be cancelled.
However, Sirisena’s backers have said a casino licence given to Australian gambling tycoon James Packer’s Crown Resorts Ltd will be withdrawn.